Cats don’t communicate with each other through meowing, they only do that to us! A part of the cat-language is communicating with scent-glands. But why and for what do they use them exactly? And where are those scent glands?
Where and how?
A cat has scent glands on the side of his head, underneath his paws, at the base of his tail, his forehead, cheeks and chin. This scent is like a fingerprint; every cat has his own smell that consists out of pheromones.
Cats communicate with each other by using these scent glands. That’s how they let other cats know they have been in their garden, and that’s also how a female cat lets everyone know she’s ready to get babies.
Even when they are scratching on your furniture, they are marking it. It is possible that you don’t have enough places and objects for your cat to scratch on or she is marking her territory. By placing a scratching post by your couch (and which is bigger than your couch) the problem is often solved.
Of course you may have seen your cat rubbing it’s body and head against chairs and tables and even your legs. He’s marking everything and leaving his scent behind.
By giving off their scent, they make everything smell like themselves. So they feel more safe and secure in their own environment. This could also be a sign of stress, when it’s done too often.
Cats can spray and not just the male cats can do this, but the ladies can do this as well. Because when the scent glands on their face and paws aren’t effective enough, they may spray to let other cats know that this is their territory. But that’s not always the reason for a cat to spray. They can also feel threatened, not safe, insecure, scared and stressed out.
By spraying or peeing in outside-cats, they know which cat has been where and when, so they can change their daily walking-routine and avoid other cats. The cat can also just spray on top of the other cats urine to let him know he either has to share his territory or he has to give it up.
Eventually, you can see it this way; all scent glands at the front of the boy (including the paws) are for positive marking. While everything on the back is the opposite.